How to Treat Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Gum disease or periodontal disease is perhaps more common than you think. Around half of all American adults, aged 30 and over have some degree of gum disease. Your dentist may diagnose you with terms such as gingivitis and periodontitis to indicate the stage of the disease. 

It’s important to treat gum disease in its early stages otherwise serious oral health problems can develop. For example, the leading cause of tooth loss is gum disease.

What Is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is one of the mildest forms of gum disease or periodontal disease.  It first attacks the soft tissue of your gums. Swollen gums, bleeding gums, or receding gums are some signs that you have gingivitis. Your gum tissue will be inflamed and bright red in color. 

If gingivitis is not treated then it can progress to the more dangerous form of gum disease called periodontitis which will often lead to missing teeth.

What Causes Gingivitis?

The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. When bacteria are left to multiply in the pockets between the teeth and gums they can form plaque. Plaque is removed through brushing and flossing up into the gum line. If plaque is left, it will eventually harden into tartar. This causes a response from the immune system causing swelling. As the gums swell they will pull away from the teeth, creating larger pockets. The larger pockets hold more bacteria making the problem worse. Gingivitis could then develop into periodontitis.

How Does Periodontal Disease Develop?

If left untreated gingivitis will develop into periodontitis. Periodontitis is when the gum disease starts attacking the alveolar bone and tissue around the tooth. As the inflammation gets worse, the pocket depth increases between the gums and teeth. Your teeth can become loose or eventually fall out as the support for the teeth from the bone and surrounding tissue weakens.

How Can I Get Rid of Gum Disease Fast?

Oral Care

Good oral hygiene is usually sufficient to keep gum disease at bay. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day to remove the plaque from the surface of your teeth. You should also floss at least once a day to remove the plaque in between your teeth and gums. 

When you floss, you need to pass the floss high into the gum line to remove the plaque from there. Rinsing your mouth with a mouthwash to finish will lower the levels of harmful bacteria. Keeping this routine will significantly lower the risk factors of developing gum disease.

See a Dental Professional

It’s important to see your dentist or dental hygienist if you detect any symptoms of gum disease. They provide treatment to prevent gum disease from developing. One effective treatment performed at the dentist is a thorough dental cleaning. This removes plaque and tartar from your teeth and root surfaces.

Home Treatment

There are many home remedies to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. One treatment that’s proven to work in coconut oil pulling. This basically means rinsing the coconut oil inside your mouth and around your teeth. The lauric acid inside (45-50%) is anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial.

What To Do If You Are Missing Teeth?

If gum disease has caused you to lose teeth and would like to replace them then get in contact with the surgeons at San Jose Oral Surgery. They recommend replacing teeth with dental implants. They look and function like natural teeth and contribute to dental health that many other dental replacement options don’t provide. 

You can find their office in San Jose, CA providing an ideal location for all those living in Santa Clara County. Book an appointment now to see if dental implants are right for you.

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