Traumatic Facial Injuries

Little boy in football helmetMaxillofacial injuries are becoming a common surgery for the emergency departments at an increasing rate. People present with a wide range of issues starting from a simple fracture of the nose to comminution of the face. Most often, facial injuries occur as a result of sports accidents or motor vehicle collisions. Another way people may sustain a facial injury is from a personal assault. Although some of these injuries may require repair from a maxillofacial surgeon, not all will. Such injuries as abrasions, bloody noses, and cuts are usually more easily resolved. 

What are some of the most common traumatic facial injuries?

Broken Nose

A broken nose is one of the most common traumatic facial injuries. It can happen from a motor vehicle collision, a sports accident or even a fall. A tell-tale sign that your nose may be broken is a swelling that does not subside after a couple of days. Also, bruising in the region of your eyes, a bloody nose or difficulty breathing through your nose are also signs that it may be broken. 

Broken Jaw

A broken jaw usually results from physical trauma. The jaw is among the top 10 most broken bones in the body. Often, only one side of the jaw is affected, although this is not always the case. If you sustain a broken jaw, the symptoms you may experience include pain, numbness in your chin or lower lip as well as your teeth not coming to a close together as before. A broken jaw will often require the intervention of a maxillofacial surgeon. If left untreated, it is possible to develop painful complications as a result of your jaw not healing properly.

Broken Occipital Bone and Cheekbone

These are the bones that form your eye socket. Should you break these bones, you can expect to experience bruising, swelling and pain. It is also possible that you will experience trouble breathing through your nose as well as difficulty opening your eyes. This type of injury will require surgical intervention to ensure your eyes and sinus cavities are protected.

Knocked-Out Teeth 

Millions of Americans each year have their teeth knocked out. If fast action is taken, it is entirely possible to save your tooth. Simply pick up your tooth, avoiding the root and place it back in the socket of your mouth if possible. Then make your way to your dental office as soon as possible.

I’ve sustained a facial injury; what do I do now?

If you have sustained a traumatic injury to your face, it is important to get to the emergency room as soon as possible. Your eyes and even your life may be at risk. If your injury is of a less urgent nature, you can present directly to the team here at San Jose. Our team of trained experts are ready and waiting to help you recover from your traumatic injury. 

If there is any bleeding, clean gauze can be used to stop this and ice can be applied to help with the pain. However, avoid taking any pain medication until you have received further direction from a professional. A comprehensive range of services is available to help get your teeth and face back to their normal health and function. Contact us today for your consultation!

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