A bone graft is a procedure to replace and restore bone loss. After a tooth has been extracted, or pathology from the bones removed, the body undergoes a natural process of healing. During this process, some of the bone may be lost. At San Jose Oral Surgery, Our Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon uses either the patients bone, cadaver bone, or bone from a different species to help minimize this process.
Why do I need a bone graft?
A bone graft is often necessary before a dental implant procedure. It’s necessary that your jawbone has enough density to properly support the implant. Often, patients opt for a bone graft after an extraction, so the area doesn’t feel indented. There are times when a bone graft might be necessary if you have gum disease or experience trauma to the jaw area.
What is the process for getting a graft?
Often times a bone graft is performed at the same time as your tooth extraction. If this is the case,the grafting material is placed into the socket directly after the tooth removal. By performing a bone graft at the same time as your extraction it saves you from multiple surgeries and appointments.
Bone grafts can be made from a variety of materials, including:
- Synthetic materials
- Bone material from another part of your body
- Human donor bone material
- Bone material from an animal source
If you are receiving a bone graft in a separate appointment our expert surgeon will cut into your gums revealing the bone site beneath. Your surgeon places the graft and covers it with a membrane. At this point the site is stitched up. Over the next few months your natural bone grows around the implant material adding strength and density.
Is the process painful?
If your bone graft is performed at the same time as your tooth extraction it is no more painful than that process. And since you will be under the influence of a local anesthetic and sedation if you choose, you won’t be able to feel the process. If your bone graft is occurring at a separate appointment, the same anesthesia or sedation is available.
After your bone graft, it takes a few days for your gums to heal. But your pain should be minimal and can be reduced by taking over-the-counter medicines. Your San Jose Oral Surgeon will give you specific instructions after your procedure.